Section 3
CITY OF GLENDALE

PUBLIC WORKS

DESIGN STANDARDS



3.0000 - STORM DRAINAGE


3.0010 GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS


Performance Standards - Storm drainage design within a development area must include provi­sions to adequately control runoff from all public and private streets and the roof, footing, and area drains of residential, multi-family, commercial, or industrial buildings. The design must ensure future extension of the drainage system to the entire drainage basin in conformance with these Design Standards. These provisions include:


a. Surface or subsurface drainage, caused or affected by the changing of the natural grade of the existing ground or removal of natural ground cover or placement of impervious surfaces, shall not be allowed to flow over adjacent public or private property in a volume or location materi­ally different from that which existed before development occurred, but shall be collected and conveyed in an approved manner to an approved point of disposal.


b. Surface water entering the subject prop­erty shall be received at the naturally occurring locations and surface water exiting the subject property shall be discharged at the natural locations with adequate energy dissipaters within the subject property to minimize downstream damage and with no diversion at any of these points.


c. The approved point of disposal for all storm water may be a storm drain, dry wells, existing open channel, creek, detention, or retention pond approved by the Public Works Director. Acceptance of suggested systems will depend upon the prevailing site condi­tions, capacity of existing downstream facilities, and feasibility of the alternate design.


d. When private property must be crossed in order to reach an approved point of disposal, it shall be the developer's responsibility to acquire a recorded drainage easement (of dimensions in accordance with those included in Section 3.0024). The drainage facility installed must be a closed conduit system. Tempo­rary drainage ditch facilities, when approved, must be engineered to contain the storm water without causing erosion or other adverse effects to the private property.


e. The design peak discharge from the sub­ject property may not be increased from conditions existing prior to the proposed development except where it can be satis­factorily demonstrated by the applicant that there is no adverse impact.


f. Retention/detention facilities will be required where necessary to maintain surface water discharge rates at or below the existing design storm peak discharge except where it can be demonstrated by the applicant that no adverse impart will result from not providing said facilities.


g. Minimum width of an access easement from an existing public road to a drainage facility shall be fifteen (15) feet.


h. Drainage from roofs, footings, and downspouts may drain directly to a street through the curb under the following circumstances:


1. The building pad ground eleva­tion is at least two (2) feet above the existing street curb, and


2. The existing street is adequately crowned to avoid sheet flow across the street. This require­ment will be waived if curb and gutter is existing or installed.


i. Vegetation shall be established on areas disturbed by/or on areas of construction as necessary to minimize erosion, in accordance with Section 3.0050 of these standards.


All storm drain system designs shall make adequate provisions for collecting all storm water runoff. The system shall accommodate all runoff from upstream tributary areas whether or not such areas are within the proposed development. The amount of runoff to be accommodated shall be based upon ultimate development of all upstream tributary areas.


Where storm drains are constructed on slopes greater than 20%, in areas designated as hazard­ous or where there are site conditions that may cause damage to improvements, slippage or slides or determined by the Public Works Director, a soils and/or geologic report may be required.


For erosion control requirements refer to Section 2.0130.


Where the finished graded surface has a greater than 20% slope, or as required, soil stabilization fabric shall be placed over the entire disturbed area.


Proposed storm drain systems shall not discharge flows into inadequate downstream systems unless approved by the Public Works Director.


Public storm lines shall be located within the public right of way as directed by the Public Works Director, per Section 3.0021. These lines are placed in the public right of way for ease of maintenance access, control of the facility, operation of the facility, and to provide required replacement and/or repair.


Floodplain information, delineating the 100 year floodplain limits, shall be shown where it occurs within the development. Floodplain limits shall be based on maps prepared by the UPS. Army Corps of Engineers and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (F.E.M.A.) Where better information is available, it shall be used by the Design Engineer.


Standard drawings relevant to this section may be found in the most current specifications and edition of the APWA Standard Specifications for Public Works Construction, Oregon Chapter.


3.0011 SITE DRAINAGE PLANS


Existing Drainage Plan Provide a topographical contour map defining existing conditions to include the following minimum information:


a. Two foot (2') contour intervals, slopes over 10% may use 5 foot (5') intervals extend Contours a minimum of 100 feet beyond property.


b. All structures, buildings, parking lots and utilities on the property.


c. Isolation of all existing drainage facilities and water courses, including wetlands and flood plain areas.


Locations of all subsurface water outlets (e.g., springs.) Show arrows to indicate direction of flow for all drainage information.


Proposed Drainage Plan Show proposed site grading and drainage facilities on a topographical contour map. Unless the detail for proposed improvements will obscure the conditions shown on the existing drainage plan, proposed site grad­ing and drainage may be shown on the existing drainage plan. The following minimum informa­tion shall also be shown.


a. Finished contours of the property after development shall be at two foot (2') contour intervals, slopes over 10% may use 5 foot (5') intervals, extend contours a minimum of 100 feet beyond property.


b. Percent grade, for graded slopes, eleva­tions, dimensions and locations for all graded slopes.


c. Cut/fill areas’ structural fill placement areas erosion/sedimentation control methods reseeding areas.

d. All proposed drainage facilities public and private systems; drainage ditches, culverts.


Drainage Calculations Furnish such supporting information as required per Section: 1.0140 of these Design Standards.


Detention Requirements - All proposed develop­ment will be required to use adequate drainage management practices. Developments located within a master planned drainage basin will follow the recommendations adopted to that plan. Developments not located within master planned drainage basins will minimize the rate and amount of runoff to receiving systems and streams.


3.0012 PIPE MATERIALS AND SIZE


Public storm drains may be constructed of the following materials: Concrete, Ductile Iron, PVC, HDPE.


When pipe has less than minimum cover as defined in Section 3.0023 the pipe material shall be ductile iron.


Public and private storm drainpipe shall meet the appropriate sections of the Uniform Plumbing Code.


All public storm drain lateral lines to catch basins and other inlet structures shall be a minimum of ten inches (10") in diameter. All public storm drain main lines shall be a minimum of twelve inches (12") in diameter.


3.0013 MINIMUM DESIGN CRITERIA


Storm Frequency All public storm drain systems shall be designed for the design storm recurrence interval in the following table:


DRAINAGE SYSTEM DESIGN CAPACITY


Design Storm

Drainage System Recurrence Interval

Element Years


Minor: 25


Streets, curbs, gutters, inlets

catch basin and connector drains


Major:


Laterals (collectors)

< 100 tributary acres 25


Trunk

> 100 tributary acres 50*


Arterial Streets and the Drainage System 50*

in or under Arterial Streets


Watercourses:

without designated floodplain 50

with designated floodplain 100


Bridges 100


Detention Facilities:

Storage volume (on site) 25

Storage volume 100

Discharge rate Function of down­stream capacity


* SURCHARGING contained within pipe system will be allowed.


Time of Concentration - Overland flow of runoff to the initial catchment point into the storm drain system shall be a minimum of ten (10) minutes.


Velocity and Slope All storm drains shall be on a grade which produces a mean velocity, when flowing full, of at least three feet (3') per second.


Manning Equations When calculating minimum pipe slopes and velocities, the design engineer shall use the Manning pipe friction formula.


Pipe Coefficient The storm drainpipe roughness coefficient to be used in the Manning formula shall be not less than 0.013.


Storm Water Flows For areas under 100 acres, the "Rational" formula shall be used. For areas over 100 acres, a hydrographic based formula shall be used. A hydrograph method shall be used to size detention facilities. Detention facility outfall control structures shall be sized to consider capacities of downstream facilities.


3.0020 ALIGNMENT AND COVER


3.0021 RIGHT OF WAY LOCATION


Storm drain lines shall generally be located five (5) feet (south or east) from right of way to centerline. All changes in direction of pipe shall be made at an approved structure, except as provided in Section: 3.0022.


3.0022 CURVATURE


Storm drain lines shall not be curved between structures. If unusual circumstances are present, as determined by the Public Works Director, small diameter storm drains may be curved. Such curves shall conform to the street curvature.


3.0023 MINIMUM COVER


All storm drains shall be laid at a depth sufficient to protect against damage by traffic and to drain building footings where practical. Sufficient depth shall mean the minimum cover from the top of the pipe to finish grade at the storm drain alignment.


Minimum cover shall be thirty inches (30") above the top of the pipe in paved areas and thirty six inches (36") at all other locations. Less than minimum cover shall be allowed only, if unusual circumstances are present, as determined by the Public Works Director City Engineer.


The design engineer must show that sufficient depth is provided at the boundary of the devel­opment to properly drain the remainder of the upstream basin area tributary to the site.


3.0024 EASEMENTS


a. When it is necessary to locate storm drains in easements, the storm drain shall be centered in the easement. All storm drain easements shall be exclusive and shall not be used for any purpose which would interfere with the unrestricted use of the storm drain line. Exceptions to this requirement will be reviewed on a case by case basis, (e.g., a utility corridor in a new subdivision).


b. Easements for storm drain lines thirty-six inches (36") or less in diameter shall have a minimum width of fifteen feet (15'). All pipelines greater than thirty six inches (36 ) in diameter, shall have a minimum width of twenty feet (20'). Larger widths may be required for special circum­stances, such as excessively deep pipe or location of building to the easement.


c. Open channels shall have easements sufficient in width to cover the 100 year Floodplain Line when a 100 year design storm is required or fifteen feet (15') from the waterway centerline or ten feet (10') from the top of the recognized bank, whichever is greater. A fifteen foot (15') wide access easement shall be provided on both sides of the channel for channel widths greater than fourteen feet (14') at the top of the recognized bank.


d. Easement locations for public storm drains serving a PUD, apartment complex, or commercial/industrial development shall be in parking lots, private drives, or similar open areas which will permit unobstructed vehicle access for maintenance.


e. Structures cannot be built over the ease­ments, and trees and large bushes cannot be planted in the easement.


f. All easements must be furnished to the City for review and approval prior to recording.


3.0025 RELATION TO WATERCOURSES


Storm drain lines shall enter a creek or drainage channel at 90o or less to the direction of flow. The outlet shall have a head wall and scour pad or riprap to prevent erosion of the existing bank or channel bottom. The size of pipe or channel being entered will govern which protective meas­ures are required. All protective measures must conform to the requirements of Section 3.0050 of these Design Standards.


3.0030 - STRUCTURE LOCATION


3.0031 MANHOLES


Manholes shall be located at all changes in slope, alignment, pipe size, and at all pipe junctions with present or future storm drains. Manhole spacing shall not be greater than 400 feet.


Standard manholes are required when rim to crown of pipe elevations exceed four feet (4') at pipe junctions. Flattop manholes shall be used when rim to crown of pipe elevations are less than four feet (4').


When the downstream pipe size increases, the crown of all upstream pipes shall not be lower than the crown of the larger downstream pipe.


3.0032 CATCH BASINS


Catch basins shall be located in streets at the curb line to receive storm water runoff and convey it to the main storm drain.


Catch basins shall be located at the following locations but in no case be spaced further than 300 feet:


a. At curb returns on the upstream side of an intersection.


b. At the ends of all dead end streets with a descending grade.


c. At intermediate locations so that storm flows at the curb line do not exceed three feet (3') in width (measured from the curb face) or three inches (3) in depth (measured at the curb face,) whichever is less.


d. At all low points.


e. On street grades greater than 10 % the maximum spacing shall be 150 feet.


f. On street grades less than 1% the maxi­mum spacing shall be 150 feet.


g. Catch basin inlets and grates shall be positioned to avoid conflict with wheelchair ramps.



Catch basins shall be capable of intercepting, completely, the design storm flows at the curb.


3.0033 - DRY WELLS


Where there are no natural or constructed drain ways, or an existing storm water system, dry wells can be used as a discharge point with the approval of the Public Works Director.


Dry well systems shall be constructed with two manholes. The collector pipes shall discharge into the first manhole, which shall be constructed as an oil-water separator and settling basin. Liquid will then flow to the second manhole, which shall be a perforated manhole. The second manhole shall extend down to river rock or to the natural water table.


3.0034 - ANCHOR BLOCKS


For storm drainpipes greater than four (4) inches in diameter, concrete anchor blocks shall be required if the slopes are greater than twenty (20) percent. Anchor blocks shall key into trench sides. Spacing for anchor blocks is as follows:


SPACING FOR ANCHOR BLOCK FOR ALL SIZE PIPE


SLOPE %


MINIMUM SPACING (FT)

0 - 19.99


NO ANCHOR REQUIRED

20 - 34.99


35

35 - 50.99


25

51 - OR MORE


15 OR SPECIAL DESIGN


3.0035 - WATER BARS


Where the finished graded surface has a slope greater than or equal to 3 unit’s horizontal to 1 unit vertical or as required, water bars shall be installed. The water bars shall be sloped slightly to drain runoff water away from the pipe line alignment. Water bars shall have a maximum spacing of forty (40) feet.


3.0040 - STORM DETENTION


3.0041 DEVELOPMENT NOT REQUIRING DETENTION


In general, developments meeting the following criteria will not be required to provide detention:


a. Land divisions of less than four lots.


b. Multi family developments of less than four units.


c. Commercial and industrial development where the construction of a new facility or expansion of an existing facility will not increase the impervious area by more than 5,000 square feet.


3.0043 - DETENTION VOLUME


When detention is required, the volume to be detained shall be based on the following:


The rate of runoff from a developed site during a 25 year recurrence interval storm shall not exceed the pre development rate of runoff released based on a 10 year recurrence interval storm.


3.0044 EMERGENCY OVERFLOW


The Design Engineer shall assess the impacts of system failure for on site detention. Overflows may occur due to rainfall intensity which exceeds the design storm, debris blockage of storm drain system, or some other reason.


If a system overflows, it shall not cause inunda­tion of neighboring properties. Potential overflow routes shall be protected from erosion by ade­quate means.


3.0045 DETENTION FACILITIES


Detention volume storage methods in order of preference are the following:


a. Surface storage


b. Underground storage


Detention Facilities - Detention facilities which are intended to be transferred to the City shall be designed with good access for maintenance and shall have access right-of-way deeded to the City. A maintenance plan for the detention facility shall be submitted.


3.0050 EROSION CONTROL


Developments shall provide erosion control methods to limit the removal of soil materials by storm runoff during the construction phases of a project.


3.0051 EROSION CONTROL APPLICATION


1. For subdivision plats temporary erosion control measures also shall be utilized by the applicant during installation of plat improvements and by subse­quent builders during construc­tion of dwellings and other lot improvements.


2. Prior to the initial clearing and grading of any land develop­ment, provisions shall be made for the interception of all poten­tial silt laden runoff that could result from said clearing and grading. Said interception shall preclude any silt laden runoff from discharging from the proposed land development to downstream properties unless previously approved by the Public Works Director. Said interception shall cause all silt laden runoff to be conveyed by open ditch or other means to whatever temporary facility is necessary to remove silt prior to discharge to downstream proper­ties.


3. Prior to initial clearing and grad­ing of construction site, an evaluation of the following factors must be carried out:


a. Soil Erodibility Soil credibility should be identified using Soil Conservation Service credibility ratings. Erosion control tech­niques shall be designed accordingly.


b. Slope and Runoff Cleared areas will require protection from erosion.


c. Cover Erosion protection will be required for all disturbed areas.


Temporary facilities may include silt fences, drain barriers, gravel entries, ditches, surface stabiliza­tion or other devices as necessary.


Temporary/permanent hydro-seeding or accept­able seeding and mulching must be provided whenever perennial cover cannot be established on sites which will be exposed after September 1 or prior to June 1.


3.0060 - PRIVATE DRAINAGE SYSTEMS


3.0061 SUBDIVISIONS


When subdivision lots drain to the rear, it may be necessary to provide a private drainage system in private easements. This system shall be for collec­tion of roof drains, footing drains and surface runoff. This system shall be designed to meet the Uniform Plumbing Code requirements.


3.0062 SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE


Subsurface drains (under drains) shall be provided at the following locations:


a. For all existing springs and field tile intercepted during construction activity for other facilities, i.e. sewer, water, mains, street excavations, foundations, etc. Subsurface drains are not needed if the tile is removed.


b. Where high ground water exists or when it is necessary to reduce the piezometric surface to an acceptable level to prevent land slippage or under floor flooding of buildings.


c. The drainage line installed shall begin at a clean-out and terminate at an approved point of disposal. Open jointed storm drain lines will not be considered as an acceptable solution.


3.0070 - WATER QUALITY


Stormwater runoff will be treated prior to being discharged from the site under the following criteria.


a. No water quality treatment will be required for developments not requiring detention under 3.0041 of this section.


2.

The treatment volume will be the runoff from a 0.36” rainfall distributed over four hours.


c. When storm water is contaminated with some form of chemical that was spilled on the street and washed into the containment area. This water may need some form of treatment before release to the environment.


d. Treatment facilities (any treatment approved by City Engineer) may be incorporated into other facilities required within this section (i.e. detention ponds).


e. A maintenance schedule or plan should be included with the design calculations. The plan can be part of the detention pond maintenance plan.


Glendale Design Standards 3-9 April 1997